What is Human Transferrin

Human Transferrin is a plasma protein for iron ion delivery. Human Transferrin is a glycoprotein with homologous N-terminal and C-terminal iron binding domains. Transferrin(TF) is related to other iron binding proteins including lactoferrin . When human transferrin loaded with iron encounters a transferrin receptor on the surface of a cell, it binds to it and is consequently transported into the cell in a vesicle. The cell will acidify the vesicle, causing human transferrin(TF) to release its iron ions. Each human transferrin molecule has the ability to carry two iron ions in the ferric form (Fe3+). Commercially purified Human Apo Transferrin and human Holo Transferrin available from diagnostic raw material manufacturers such as Lee Biosolutions, Inc .

The Cytoplasmic Domain of Transferrin Receptor 2 Dictates Its Stability and Response to Holo-transferrin in Hep3B Cells

Transferrin receptor 2 (TfR2) is a homolog of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), the receptor responsible for the uptake of iron-loaded transferrin (holo-Tf) into cells.The half-life of the chimera increased 2.7-fold in cells exposed to Human Holo Transferrin holo-Tf like the endogenous TfR2 in HepG2 cells. Like TfR2 and unlike TfR1, the levels of the chimera did not respond to intracellular iron content. These results suggest that although holo-Tf binding to the ectodomain is necessary, the cytoplasmic domain of TfR2 is largely responsible for its stabilization by holo-Tf .